What is Fidya?

When an individual cannot fast during the month of Ramadaan out of necessity, due to a chronic illness etc., and the lost day/s cannot be made up afterwards or any time during their lifetime, then they should pay the Fidya amount as a compensation.

Fidya, is a compulsory charitable donation which must be made if you are unable to fast during the month of Ramadan. When you are unable to fast, Allah (SWT) still allows you to share in the reward of Ramadan by donating Fidya to the poor. Fidya is obligatory upon the person who cannot fast for a valid health-related reason and is a means of relieving the hunger of a fasting person by providing them with two whole meals for each missed day of fasting during the month of Ramadan.

This is a religious obligation upon you while simultaneously feeding and relieving those in need.

How Much is Fidya for Ramadan 2022?

The minimum amount of Fidya payable in the Hanafi school of thought is R 35.00 whereas the Maliki, Hanbali and Shaf’i schools of thought is R 11.00 for each day of fasting missed out during the month of Ramadan.

This equates to a maximum Fidya charity donation of R 1050.00 and R 330.00 respectively for the entire month of Ramadan.

The price of Fidya fluctuates year on year in line with the price of basic staple foods in the country you are based in. This will provide an individual living in poverty with two nutritious meals or two people with one meal which could not only bring hope and happiness but save lives too.

The Quran categorizes and commands those individuals who are required to pay Fidya to make up for missing fasts Ramadan

“Fasting is for a fixed number of days, and if one of you be sick, or if one of you be on a journey, you will fast the same number of other days later on. For those who are capable of fasting (but with hardship) there is a redemption (a substitute) of feeding a poor person for each day missed. Whoever voluntarily does more good than is required, will find it better for him; and that you should fast is better for you, if you only know.” (Qur’an 2:184)

What is the difference between Fidya and Kaffaarah?

Fidya is only paid if you deliberately missed a fast but have a valid reason to do so and are unable to make up the fast at any other time in the future, however, Kaffarah is only paid if you break a fast deliberately without a valid reason. The amount paid in Fidyah for each missed fast is equivalent to feeding one person. When paying Kaffarah, the payment for this is the equivalent of feeding 60 people per day missed during the month of Ramadan.

What is Kafarah?

Kaffarah (expiation) provides an opportunity to compensate for individuals who deliberately miss or break a fast during the month Ramadan without a valid reason. Kafarah which is an obligatory penalty directed at individuals that miss or break a fast during the month of Ramadan with no valid reason and can be paid at any time throughout the year.

How much is Kafarah for Ramadan 2022?

To atone for the intentionally missed or broken fast during the month of Ramadan, you must fast continuously for 60 days. If you are unable to do that, then you have to feed 60 people (the cost of an average staple meal in the country you reside in) for each day missed.

**Islamic Relief SA collects funds for Fidya exclusively

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