More than 50 years of occupation and 13 years of blockade have made the lives of over 2 million Palestinians living inside the Gaza Strip extremely difficult. This has led to Gaza being referred to as the world’s largest open-air prison.
Life under a blockade and occupation was drastically affected by the global COVID-19 pandemic, which placed extensive limits access to educational, economic and other opportunities, medical care, clean water and electricity. Entire industries have collapsed within the Gaza Strip and farming areas along the perimeter of the strip have been ruined by the siege and four recent conflicts in 2009, 2012, 2014/5 and 2018.
As of 2021, 80% of Gaza’s population depend on humanitarian aid to survive, 68% of the population can’t be sure where their next meal is coming from and 53% of the population live below the poverty line.