In the Horn of Africa region, a drought exacerbated by El Niño has directly affected the region, leading to an increase in food insecurity and malnutrition. As of August 2016, close to 24 million people in the region are facing critical and emergency food insecurity levels, a doubling of numbers compared to August 2015.

In Ethiopia alone, 9.7 million people require emergency food assistance to meet their basic food needs, and some 420,000 children suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 2.36 million children from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM).

While the El Niño weather event can now be considered over, IGAD-ICPAC and global climate partners predict that the impact is likely to be felt through 2016 and into 2017.

Some 5 million people, or more than 40 per cent of the population, are in need of food and livelihoods assistance in Somalia. Of these people, 1.1 million are facing Crisis (IPC 3 Phase) and Emergency (IPC 4 Phase) food insecurity levels, especially from among the protracted IDP caseload with severely constrained food security and income opportunities. Over 300,000 acutely malnourished children need urgent nutrition support, including treatment for more than 50,000 who are severely malnourished and far more vulnerable than any other group.

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